Amsterdam, Food, People, Soup/EN
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The Companionship Of The Dough.

I have mentioned in a previous post how I picked up sourdough baking last spring.
What defines sourdough baking and makes it critically different to any other cooking specialty is that you don’t just embark on its practice, you rather start a partnership with its material object and its very real sticky substance. It’s not an abstract hobby and it comes with all the responsibility of  adopting a living being (mono-cellular as is) that needs to be looked after.
You think that buying a yearly subscription to your local gym will feel binding enough to actually have you going to pilates at least a couple of times per week, but knowing that your instructor won’t starve to death if you desert your class will probably entitle you to keep watching tv-series instead.
Try ignoring your cat when it’s hungry, on the other hand, and let me know what really gets you off your couch.

The comparison with having a pet is not entirely ironic. Keeping a mother yeast colony does require commitment and a change in habits. However, even to an instinctive cook and unruly cookbook user like me – who can’t resist the temptation of tweaking, intercrossing and disrupting existing recipes – adjusting to the discipline of sourdough maintenance was surprisingly easy.

Tip: give it room to grow or it will take it anyway!

Tip: give it room to grow or it will take it anyway!

Mother yeast is a compound of living microorganisms that will perish in a smelly, viscid, greyish  pond if you don’t feed them for too long. Since this new pet of yours turns out to be quite unpretentious and low-maintenance after all – it only feeds on flour and water and won’t complain if you don’t feed it for 7-10 days – it would be very cruel to deny it its weekly meal.
How insensitive must you be to watch it fade in your fridge, while you peek in every few hours to feed yourself? Especially if you consider the endless supply of naturally leavened baked goods that you can get out of your collaboration with this modest gooey friend.

There are few basic rules to mother yeast maintenance:

  1. Keep it refrigerated, in a jar with a non-hermetic lid: it needs to be able to “breath”.
  2. Feed it weekly with quality flours (stone-milled organic flours are the best nutritional choice for it). What I call feeding or activating your mother yeast is nothing more than mixing it with flour and water and then letting it rest for a few hours.
    If it doubles its volume during its “meal”, over 4 hours, it means it’s in good health.
  3. Always bake with activated starter (after the four-hour feeding phase).
  4. Don’t forget to store part of the activated starter in your fridge, to preserve your colony till your next bake.

The maintenance routine of mother yeast can be summarised in four easy steps, and I put it in an infographic.

Mother yeast maintenance

Why not print this out and stick it to your fridge?

Since I received my yeast-bacterial little blob – which I named Elvira –  from my friend Bruno, I couldn’t help but taking care of it, which implies keeping on baking, week after week (half of it is “for the oven”, remember?)
Despite all this talking of mother yeast, however, I am not a bread-addict.
What really keeps me charmed about sourdough is its binding power, and I’m not (only) talking about baking.
Unless you start your own mother yeast colony from scratch – which can be a difficult and uncertain process, the only way to obtain some sourdough starter is receiving it as a gift from another baker.
That’s how it worked over the centuries and across countries and cultures, everywhere some sort of leavened bread belonged: people would get some starter from their neighbour to bake bread, transmit their knowledge to others, maybe share a communal oven.
Sourdough would work as a binding agent for people as well as ingredients; baking was a community thing.

Detail of the event poster - created with Piktochart

Detail of the event poster – created with Piktochart

After all, concepts like com-pan-y and com-pan-ion are etymologically and philosophically rooted in bread (panis in Latin).
Companionship is literally the quality of those who share the same bread.

New technologies can help revive good old habits, sometimes. That’s how I decided to use As Soup As Possible Facebook page to create an offline connection based on naturally leavened bread.

Last October, I created a Facebook event inviting people to share my sourdough starter and the knowledge I acquired about baking with natural leavening, on given dates in the month of December.
I asked the participants to join me at one of the weekly meetings I arranged at a cafe in my neighbourhood and bring a jar.


Commandeursmolen – millers and mill

The response was very warm, and I even found a friendly sponsor in Commandeursmolen, a Dutch family company that runs an ancient grain mill in Limburg. They produce the organic flour I have always used to feed my mother yeast and many more, with sustainable methods and from selected grains.
I simply gave them a call to let them know about my flour-consuming project, and they generously offered to donate two bags of their excellent product to support the initiative, which I could keep entirely free.

The people who came collect their mother yeast were mostly approaching bread baking for the first time, but some of them had some baking experience on their side. In one case I even received some sourdough starter myself, from a lady who has been baking with it for two years.
I baked bread with her mother yeast (the one in the picture) and it tasted and looked quite different to my usual bread, as a demonstration of how each yeast-bacterial colony has its own identity.

Most of the bakers who got their batches of mother yeast (Elvira’s “children”) from me gave their mother yeast a name. I gave them my recipe for everyday bread and some of them started baking the day after the meeting and posting their creations on the event page.
I was amazed at the diversity of their loaves, defying the fact they all came from the same starter and were made with the same recipe.
Once again food showed the power of smoothly connecting people and their identities through its rich simplicity.

So these are some of the people I am somehow sharing the same bread with, at this moment in time. Here are the faces of our little “companionship of the dough”.

My mother yeast, Elvira, travelled with me from Southern Italy and hopefully its offspring will continue this journey to bring more joy and taste to more kitchens.
That’s why I decided to track the development of her family tree from this point on, and make it available online to other bakers who might cross paths with her descendants.
A couple of bakers from my “companionship” already shared their dough with other people. Just today I was told that one of them gave a piece of his dough (Linda) to a brewer friend of his.
It turns out Elvira will contribute to brewing beer as well, who would have thought?

As of today, Elvira’s family tree looks like this:

This family tree is available online can be updated by anyone joining it.

This family tree is available online and can be updated by anyone joining it.

If you receive a batch of sourdough starter coming from Elvira’s family, please contact me or the person who donated it to you. You will be authorised to edit the map with possible updates.

Those who happen to be in Amsterdam on December 23rd – last date available – and would like to give sourdough baking a go are warmly welcome to join us through the event Facebook page (reservation required).
The more the merrier, in the companionship of the dough!




  1. Daphne Hoebée says

    Hi! I just read your postings about Elvira. My German friends from Berlin gave me a part of Elvira, which they became from a friend of theirs from Amsterdam. Silly enough I am Dutch but living in the southern part of Austria. So I took Elvira with me to Austria and now, she’s living in my fridge just 40 km from the Italian border! So she almost made it home again.
    My friends gave me a lot of Elvira, 350 grams. So yesterday as I fed her, I wanted to reduce the mother-Elvira in my fridge. I baked three breads! The came out very well. I put two loafs in my fridge. Now I have 150 gr in my fridge and now the big challenge will start… how long will I be able to keep her alive. The first challenge is, that I am leaving next week for a three week holiday… If I feed her on the day before I leave, do you recon, she will service? I can’t bring her with me!
    Cheers Daphne

    • Hey, Daphne,

      That’s lovely to hear! You’re officially the initiator of our Austrian branch!
      Thanks for sharing your story, I take great pleasure in following Elvira’s travels around the world from friend to friend.
      You’d be very welcome to join the Facebook group I started last year to share sourdough baking experiences, photos and recipes:

      You did very well reducing the amount of starter you keep. You really don’t need that much: depending on how much bread you bake every time, you can keep as little as 120-130g.

      Regarding your question, Elvira is a tough cookie! If you feed her right before you leave and then as soon as you’re back, she should be fine.
      In the worst case scenario, if she gets a bit too flat, you can simply feed her three times back to back or just three days in a row and she should recover. A tiny supplement of rye flour or honey also helps.

      In any case, please do not hesitate to reach out here or on the Facebook group!

      Enjoy your holidays!


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  5. Hi Angelica!
    Thinking of you today! My sourdough starter you shared with me is alive and well and I bake a loaf every week. I now have another mother made of rye along the wheat one you shared. I have shared some of each various times. Last Sunday I shared the rye sour dough at a fermentation workshop and I hope I can direct some of the participants to this website.

    • Hi Suzanne,
      That’s so nice of you!
      I’d be curious to meet your rye starter and possibly try some.
      I will be publishing a new edition of Elvira Bakes (my sourdough bakeoff) soon and I’d love to see you there with some of your creations.
      Here’s the link to the first edition:

      I hope your friends will submit the starter you gave them to Elvira’s family tree.

      See you soon and happy baking,


      • Looking forward to your next event. I would be very happy to bring you some rye sourdough!
        x Suzanne

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  8. Marco says

    Hello guys! Since I took my sourdough I didn’t always have time to play around for long baking sessions. After few time throwing half of my Giovanna away for the weekly refreshment, I looked it up on the internet and I found hundreds of way to use the “old” rest of your friend to prepare extremely tasty products: grissini, piadine, crackers and much more! That’s a very quick and easy alternative not to waste our efforts in keeping our sourdough healthy and alive!
    Enjoy your baking!

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